HTML can seem overwhelming at first. At WynHouse Software, we want to make complex topics make sense. That’s why we made an easy-to-understand guide to HTML for beginners like you. Let’s get started.
What is HTML?
Each webpage has its own HTML. For example, if your website consists of a homepage, services page, blog page, and about page, your HTML files would look similar to the following:
- index.html (default)
Tags are the starting and ending parts of an HTML element. They begin with the “<” symbol and end with the “>” symbol. Whenever there is something written inside “<” and “>”, they are referred to as tags.
An HTML element includes the tags, as well as what’s getting visually displayed on the webpage. Generally, they consist of a start tag, content, and an end tag.
<tagname> Insert content here. </tagname>
Attributes are used to provide additional information about HTML elements. They are always specified in the opening tag of an element and generally provide additional styling to the element.
<tagname align=”center”> This is telling the element what to do. </tagname>
Structure of a Webpage
The following is the typical layout of HTML for your webpages. This continues to get more complex as you add more and more content to each page. Possible content could include headings, paragraphs, links, images, and more.
The title of your webpage is one of the most important pieces of metadata. This is the text browsers display in the tab for your page. This title is also what Google displays in their search engine results.
Let’s start adding some parts we can actually see on the webpage. The <p> element defines the content inside of it as a distinct paragraph.
Headings are like titles, but ones that are actually displayed on the webpages. Possible headings include <h1>, <h2>, <h3>, <h4>, <h5>, and <h6>. These headings are ranked by priority, <h1> being the most prominent and <h6> being the least.
Lists can make your website copy easier to read. To put words or phrases in an unordered list format, you wrap them with <ul> tags. Unordered lists show up like bullet points on your webpage.
What’s the difference between unordered lists and ordered lists? While unordered lists appear like bullet points, ordered lists are denoted by numbers.
Since HTML condenses several consecutive spaces and tabs, line breaks have a similar role to a return key. Line breaks are an example of HTML elements that do not follow the typical element structure, as they don’t require content in between start and end tags.
Notice how the second paragraph appears without the <br/> element.
Now, notice how paragraph two appears with the addition of the <br/> element.
Comments are not displayed by the browser, but can help developers document their HTML source code. For example, developers can write notes to themselves or others in the code without having it show up on the webpage.
Try It Yourself Feature
Among W3School’s features includes a helpful “try it yourself” tool. W3schools presents thousands of code examples across their site. By using this online editor, you can alter examples and execute code experimentally before implementing it. This helps you to determine what works and what doesn’t, aiming to eliminate potential errors on your project. Try it out here!
Not confident that you can master this kind of project on your own? Consider the help of our software developers at WynHouse Software.